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Speed Kills: Know The Dangers of Speeding

Written by Berkowitz

Car Crash Accident On The Road

A recent article published by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) suggests that increased rates of speeding are yet another unfortunate side effect of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the article the IIHS quotes the Executive Director of the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) stating “speeding [has become] even more acute during the COVID-19 pandemic, as less traffic has prompted some motorists to drive at high speeds on highways and city streets across the nation.”

Of course, speeding was already a major problem before the pandemic began. IIHS data indicates that more than 9,000 fatal accidents in the United States each year are attributed to excessive speed. This accounts for approximately a quarter of all road-related fatalities. Speeding is to blame for far more non-fatal accidents and each year tens of thousands of Americans suffer injuries in speeding-related collisions.

Statistics: Recent Trends in Speeding-Related Collisions

Along with the IIHS, the National Safety Council (NSC) has published some notable statistics on speeding-related crashes and fatalities. Some of these statistics include:

  • Young Drivers are Far More Likely to Cause Fatal Accidents While Speeding – Across age groups speeding-related fatalities are highest among drivers between the ages of 16 and 20. The percentage of drivers killed in speeding-related accidents drops for each subsequent age group.
  • Males are More Likely to Cause Fatal Accidents While Speeding than Females – Across all age groups, males are about 33 percent more likely to cause fatal car accidents while speeding. Notably, the greatest disparity among males and females is in the 16-20 age group, where females are half as likely as males to cause fatal accidents.
  • Road Conditions are a Factor in Many SpeedingRelated Deaths – According to the NSC fatal car accidents are significantly more likely to occur when road conditions are not ideal. For example, while 16 percent of fatal accidents on dry roads involve speeding, this increases to 43 percent on roads with ice or frost.
  • Alcohol and Speeding make a bad cocktail – The NSC also notes that “[s]peeding and alcohol impairment often coincide.” This is particularly true for drivers under the age of 21. In this age group, 25 percent of speeding drivers who cause fatal accidents are also alcohol-impaired.
  • Speeding-Related Deaths are on the Decline – One piece of good news is that speeding-related deaths are on the decline. Since peaking at more than 12,000 deaths per year in the early 2000s this number has dropped to around 9,000 in recent years. Of course, this is still a major problem and we still have a long way to go before speeding is no longer an unnecessary risk for drivers, passengers, cyclists, and pedestrians.

4 Major Risks Associated with Speeding

Most of us know that speeding is dangerous and most of us have a general idea as to why. But there are specific risks associated with speeding and understanding these risks is the first step toward educating drivers and implementing programs designed to curtail unsafe driving on our roads. The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) identifies these risks as follows:

1. Greater Potential for Loss of Vehicle Control

Speeding significantly increases a driver’s risk of losing control. Speed limits are designed to ensure that drivers do not reach speeds at which maintaining control becomes an issue. This is also why state laws make it illegal for drivers to operate their vehicles at speeds that are too fast for the current weather conditions—and why weather-related speeding-involved accidents are so common.

Vehicles are getting safer and this is a big part of the reason why speeding-related fatalities are on the decline. Anti-lock brakes, warnings about braking vehicles ahead, and even autonomous driving modes all help to protect road users when speeding drivers might otherwise lose control. But even these tools cannot prevent speeding-related loss of control in all cases.

2. Reduced Effectiveness of Occupant Protection Equipment

Vehicle safety devices (i.e. airbags and seatbelts) are also getting better, but even modern technology is no match for many speeding drivers. Most vehicle safety devices (what the NHTSA calls “occupant protection equipment”) are designed to function at highway speeds, or perhaps slightly above. At excessive speeds, these devices become less effective and this creates an extremely dangerous set of circumstances.

3. Increased Stopping Distance After the Driver Perceives a Danger

The faster a vehicle is traveling the longer it will take that vehicle to stop. Speeding can also overly-stress vehicles’ braking systems and heat build-up during harsh braking can lead to brake failure. This means that even speeding drivers who think they are in control will often discover that this isn’t the case.

At normal highway speeds, a safe following distance equates to about a three-second buffer. At faster speeds, a larger buffer is necessary to allow for safe stopping. Unfortunately, many drivers who choose to speed also choose to tailgate and weave through traffic. As a result, they don’t have nearly enough of a buffer to brake in time to avoid a crash.

4. Increased Degree of Crash Severity Leading to More Severe Injuries

The final major factor that makes speeding so dangerous is that higher-speed crashes are more likely to result in more serious injuries. This is why the fatality rate in speeding-involved car accidents is so high.

Even if a driver’s, or passenger’s, airbag and seatbelt work properly they won’t always be enough to protect that driver, or passenger, from life-altering or life-threatening injuries. Speeding drivers also present severe injury risks for cyclists and pedestrians; often even slightly exceeding the posted speed limit can be more than enough to cause a serious or fatal crash.

Speak with a Connecticut Car Accident Lawyer at Berkowitz Hanna

At Berkowitz Hanna, we are passionate about representing individuals and families whose lives have been forever changed by speeding drivers. If you have been injured or lost a loved one, we encourage you to get in touch. To speak with one of our highly experienced Connecticut car accident lawyers in confidence, please call 203-447-0000 or request a free consultation online today.