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Knowing the Signs of Concussion Can Prevent Serious Brain Injuries

When a person suffers a concussion, say in a sports injury, car accident, motorcycle crash or slip and fall accident, it is important the he or she go to the doctor for testing right away to prevent a major brain injury.

According to an article by Dr. Jeff Hersh, PhD., M.D. on young athletes and concussions, the risks of concussions must be taken seriously. Any sign of a concussion and the athlete should be removed from the game and should not play again until he or she is symptom free, Dr. Hersh recommends. If he or she suffers another concussion it could lead to a serious brain injury.

Dr. Hersh breaks concussions down into three categories: Grade 1 (no loss of consciousness and symptoms only lasting 15 minutes or less); Grade 2 (loss of consciousness for less than one minute and symptoms lasting anywhere from 15 minutes to 24 hours); and Grade 3 (loss of consciousness for more than one minute and symptoms extending beyond 24 hours.

Signs and symptoms of a concussion include:

  • A vacant stare
  • Changes in verbal or motor responses
  • Headache
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Confusion (this can be subtle like feeling in a ‘fog’)
  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Slurred speech
  • Fatigue
  • Amnesia around the time of the event
  • Sensitivity to noise and light

Concussions are a form of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head. A concussion can also occur from a fall that causes the brain and head to move quickly back and forth. Considered mild TBIs, concussions are still very serious and can result in severe consequences if not treated properly.

When a concussion occurs, the person will need to be seen by a healthcare provider as soon as possible. depending on the hospital and the signs and symptoms the person is experiencing, he or she may be held overnight and may undergo testing such as a CT scan to make sure there isn’t serious injury or swelling in the brain.

Most individuals who suffer a concussion will recover completely, but how quickly they improve will depend on several factors, including their age, the severity of the concussion, their health and how well they take care of themselves following the accident. Participating in daily activities such as work and doing normal activities with family and friends can seem overwhelming at first. It just takes time and plenty of rest for the brain to heal.

Tips for getting better include:

  • Get plenty of sleep at night and rest when necessary during the day
  • Avoid activities that are physically demanding
  • Avoid sporting activities and other activities that could lead to another concussion
  • Return to normal activities gradually so you don’t overdo it
  • Talk with your healthcare provider about when you can participate in everyday activities
  • Talk to your employer about returning to work gradually if possible
  • Only take medications prescribed by a healthcare provider
  • Do not drink alcohol
  • Write down things that are difficult to remember
  • Try to only do one thing at a time to avoid being distracted
  • Avoid being on the computer for too long

If you or someone you love suffered a concussion or serious brain injury because of another’s negligence, contact the Connecticut personal injury lawyers at Berkowitz and Hanna LLC for help. Our attorneys represent individuals and families who are affected by other people’s negligent actions.